March 16, 2016 | joko lukito History The establishment of the State of East Timor East Timor is a country in Southeast Asia that is located in the eastern part of the island of Timor. Most residents are descendants of Australia and Melanesia. East Timor declared its independence ever itself from colonization by Portugal on 28 November 1975 but Indonesia came to the island a few days later and then East Timor by Indonesia as one of the provinces of Indonesia. rezaasus.wordpress.com During two decades of leadership, a sticking choice. Although Indonesia has made substantial investments in infrastructure over into the provinces in Indonesia, discontent remains and continues to expand. Between 1975 and 1999, there is a conflict going on which is estimated at around 102,800 conflict-related deaths (estimated 18,600 died and 84,200 people died of starvation and disease). On August 30, 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, the majority of Timorese population (78.5%) opted for regardless of the country of Indonesia. Directly after knowing the results of the referendum, there was a dispute between pro-independence and non-independence. But eventually Timor Leste internationally recognized independence on May 20, 2002. Prior to the referendum, in the mid-1990s, people who support the PRD party in Indonesia are called to be withdrawn from East Timor. The leader of the party were arrested in July 1996. In July 1997, visiting South African president Nelson Mandela visited Suharto so is to arrest Xanana Gusmao. Nelson Mandela asked Suharto to release all East Timorese leaders in a speech. In 1998, after Suharto’s resignation and was replaced by Habibie, President Habibie offered autonomy to East Timor but still in the State Indonesia. Seeing this opportunity, Portugal and Australia began to look for political cooperation in Europe and others to pressure Indonesia. In 1998, the Australian Prime Minister Alexander Downer wrote a supporting letter to the idea of autonomy but went so far as to suggest that East Timor should be given the opportunity to vote for independence. This letter certainly make Habibie disappointed, which in the letter as regards Indonesia as a colonial powers that invaded and finally Habibie decided to member responses and announced the holding of a referendum will be held in six months. Diadakann referendum on August 30, 1999. Finally, on 12 September 1999, the Indonesian president BJ Habibie announced that he had contacted the UN secretary general to announce the readiness of Indonesia to accept a UN peacekeeping force to restore peace and security in East Timor. After that, the administration of East Timor was taken over by the United Nations through UNTAET was established on October 25, 1999. General elections were held in 2001 for the constitution and was completed in February 2002. East Timor formally became independent on May 20, 2002. Xanana Gusmao sworn in as president Timor Leste and Timor Leste became a member of the United Nations on 27 September 2002.